About Russian Fort Elizabeth
Russian Fort Elizabeth was named after the Empress of Russia, Elizabeth Alexeievna (also known as Louise of Baden). Although the country’s influence never fully established itself in Hawaii, Russia hoped Fort Elizabeth would strengthen their ties to the Hawaiian Islands. Russian Fort Elizabeth is the last standing Russian fort in Hawaii and is now a National Historic Landmark. (Photo: tbridge on Flickr)
Built by German physician Georg Anton Schäffer with the help of Kauai chief Kaumualiʻi, who was eager to sign a treaty to grant protectorate status of Kauai to Russian Tsar Alexander I of Russia. With the help of Russia, Kaumualiʻi might have regained some control, but the Russian-Hawaiian alliance grew weak when Schaffer left Kauai in 1817. Fort Elizabeth was still incomplete when the Russian settlers were forced out of Hawaii in 1817 and King Kamehameha’s supports took control of the fort.