January 3rd 2011 Marked the 28th Anniversary of Mt. Kilauea Current Eruption
Its now been 28 years since Mt. Kilauea started erupting on the Big Island of Hawaii. Its east rift zone started erupting January 3rd 1983, and is still active today. Its presence is still strong having devastating two homes just last year in Kalapana Gardens. In 1990, Mt. Kilauea did its worst damage by destroying 104 homes in the same area.Within a week of the initial eruption, there were 200 ft spurts coming out of the cracks of the east rift zone. Hawaii consists of mostly shield volcanoes, which are named after their shield shaped craters, and fluid flows. Although not as explosive as volcanoes like Mt. St Helen’s, their slow moving lava flows are just as destructive. Kilauea’s first lava fountain was known as the Pu’u'O’o vent, erupting every 3-4weeks for 3 years, and destroying 16 homes in the Royal Gardens Subdivision. In 1986 a new vent was formed called Kupaianaha. The quiet effusion made lava ponds and caused lava tubes to flow lava all the way to the ocean. In 1990 Mt. Kilauea did its worst damaged when it buried the town of Kalapana. The destructive lava flows destroyed churches, homes and stores in the ancient Hawaiian village. Kalapana, once known for it’s magnificent black sand beaches and treasured historical sites, has now been consumed by Kilauea, though some residents still live in the area, some without electricity or running water. Some of the residents believe they were spared by Pele, the Goddess of Fire, others believe it was sheer luck. Even just last year two more homes were destroyed in the area. Scientists do not know when Kilauea will stop erupting but most believe activity will never cease during our existence. That makes Big Island one of the most unique places in the world. It’s land mass is literally still growing, and has one of the longest lasting active volcanoes on record.
January 2011 marks the 2nd annual “Volcano Awareness Month” on the Big Island. Hiking, group discussions, teacher workshops, and various other programs will be conducted all month to better understand and respect volcanoes. Come participate and see one of Hawaii’s most amazing attractions. Join Discover Hawaii Tours and witness the awe inspiring magic of Kilauea. See the evening lava flow at the Kalapana viewing area, where lava meets the ocean. It is an absolute must see when visiting Hawaii.